Effects Of Drug Abuse On Bipolar

What is Bipolar Disorder?

The most prominent feature of bipolar disorder is the occurrence of one or more maniac episodes. It is also considered to a chronic condition as patients suffering from one maniac episode tend to have more episodes in the future. It is found that the average is about four episodes in about ten years if no proper treatment is administered. The patterns of mood swings with depression and manic episodes are individualistic and tend to repeat again and again. Researches indicate that the disorder is caused due to genetic influence. This disorder usually starts of in adolescence or early adulthood and if not treated may show its symptoms throughout life.

Bipolar disorder is such a disorder which brings in other problems like drug or alcohol abuse along with it. Patients tend to abuse drug and alcohol in order to get relief through self medication or to stabilize their mood swings and in severe cases as a mode of self-destruction. These problems need to be treated as well along with treatment for bipolar disorder. About 30% to 60% of bipolar disorder or manic depression patients struggle with drug abuse in an attempt to treat this disorder. These traits are found common among people suffering from poor cognitive function, fretfulness, poor interpersonal skills, social isolation, poverty, and lack of structured activities.

Bipolar disorder and substance use

Patients with bipolar disorder are more prone to substance use and given below are some statistics indicating this:

o Patients of this disorder tend to be eleven times more prone to alcohol abuse or drug abuse as compared to the general population

o The most common drug abuse by bipolar patients is through cocaine and amphetamines followed by marijuana.

o Drug abuse is preferred to medicines as patients fear side-effects due to mix up of drugs

o Usage of drug might lead to extreme conditions of psychological effects among patients of this disorder

Drug abuse and bipolar disorder is a serious problem as usage of drugs lead to psychoactive effects on the brain and can aggravate the disorder. Apart from that it also hinders all kinds of treatment for the problem. But it is proven that drug abuse does not cause bipolar disorder. It is found that drug abuse is more common among adolescent and it is found that by the time it is assessed, the patient has two problems – drug abuse as well as bipolar disorder which needs to be treated separately. Patients need to first undergo detoxification for drug abuse for more than thirty days. The treatment for bipolar patient will not be effective if the body is not completely cleansed of any kind of drug abuse. Also it is seen that once the bipolar disorder is under control, the desire for drug abuse also reduced considerable.

Families of patients with these problems can also help considerably:

o being aware of the extent of drug abuse done by the patient

o by being vigilant of any signs of drug abuse or alcohol

o rehabilitation of the patient for both bipolar disorder as well as drug abuse

o educating the patient about problems of drug abuse

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Drug Abuse and Treatment

Drug abuse rages rampant in our world today! Drug addiction is a complex but treatable disease that affects brain function and behavior. The brain’s structure and function are altered due to drug abuse and can result in changes that persist even after ceasing its use. This is one possible explanation of why drug abusers are at risk for relapse despite the potentially devastating consequences.

Principles Of Drug Abuse Treatment

The treatment of drug misuse is based on certain effective principles:

– Addiction is a complex but treatable disease
– Single treatment can not be give to everyone
– Drug misuse treatment should be readily available
– Effective treatment covers the multiple needs of the individual
– Taking the treatment and staying the course for the entire duration
– Individual and group counseling
– An important element in treatment is right medications
– Continuous monitoring and assessment of the individuals treatment is vital for progress
– Awareness that many drug-addicts also have mental disorders
– Medically assisted detox is only the first step to treating the addiction
– Voluntary drug treatment is effective but not necessary
– Constant monitoring to avoid drug use lapses during treatment
– Treatment programs should assess patients for infectious diseases

What to look for when choosing a Drug problem Treatment Program

There are many drug treatment programs available so how to find that you have chosen the best one?

– 24 hour in-patient care
– A staff of experienced physicians and trained therapists
– Qualified nursing staff
– Numerous additional support personnel

The drug abuse treatment should provide each patient with an individualized treatment plan encompassing detoxification, rehab and additional support through a variety of specialized aftercare programs. The patients who require specialized treatment for gay-friendly rehab, sexual abuse treatment, dual diagnosis treatment and other special services should be available for them.

Drug Misuse Recovery – One Day at a Time

Recovery of drug problem is an on going process you cannot get “cured”. It is very important that you understand that the abuse didn’t occur in one day, and neither will the recovery this is a monumental step to accepting drug treatment.

Drug abuse treatment has many steps beginning with detox and moving on to the addiction treatment program, on-going support and relapse prevention. During the drug abuse recovery process, an individual will discover new life skills and learn how to deal with cravings, thoughts, and the urge to start the addictive behavior all over again.

Additional Recovery Tools

For those seeking treatment there are many number of effective drug abuse recovery tools available. For instance some programs may incorporate meditation techniques, holistic approaches and exercise programs like yoga to help the drug abuse patient to relax and remain focused on recovery issues. Some programs use art therapy or music therapy to allow individuals to communicate through their creative expressions.

Prevention Of Drug Abuse

If drug abuse prevention techniques are not mentioned, which are an important part of any addiction recovery program, then this missive remains incomplete. By learning the triggers that influence abusive behavior, you can learn to avoid the allure and continue on a road to long-lasting recovery.

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